The 4th Industrial Revolution and its effect on our life
Are you in it or would you rather miss out?
I don’t know about you, but I’ve always loved history. When I was a little girl, I used to daydream that I could be a part of something big that would affect all humanity one day.
Now I got it. And you too.
So far, western civilization has experienced three industrial revolutions, with steam engines, assembly lines, and automation now leading to a whole new, fourth industrial revolution. Today, we are experiencing a revolution of the Internet of Things (IoT) as smart devices are integrated into existing standards and new, autonomous manufacturing systems are being built. All this is connected to the Internet, so implemented within a single network.
Terms that have been unknown for a couple of years, such as BIG DATA, IoT, Cloud, extended reality, have become commonplace for many of us. Technological development is accelerating, its effects are mutually reinforcing, and solutions are emerging that were only present in sci-fi stories a few years ago.
Think of the self-driving car! It required advanced sensor technology, robotics, data processing, communication, and artificial intelligence.
Do robots steal jobs?
One of the central themes during the industrial revolutions has always been the advent of technology, which causes many to lose their jobs. No one tolerates change well, especially when it comes to working. People still work in the end, but he got an even more important, more complex, more exciting job than the monotonous “human machine-like” work.
The current fourth industrial revolution is no different in this. Now the work is being taken away by smart robots. The modern technology that makes this possible is digitalization. And the “steam engines” of this revolution are cyber-physical systems and the digitalization.
In short, this means that new jobs, new products, supply chains, production processes are born. IT professionals and IT knowledge will be even more valuable.
The three main goals of automation are well-used workplace solutions, continuous improvement of body and mind, and strong and authentic relationships that can help people live fuller lives.
Anyone who wants to achieve happiness does hard work even though no one has ever paid for it. There is currently a severe waste of human potential and mental energy. The above three goals need to be integrated, which creates a positive vision for the future.
Education is key! It would make perfect sense that today’s people do not require the same skills as they did 20, 40, 60 years ago. Nevertheless, we do not see revolutionary innovators in the field of education. The country’s education policies at the global level have a primary responsibility to train the future’s competitive workforce.
Internet of Things
Although industry 4.0 is not yet the most widespread, it already affects everyone’s lives. Soon, Internet-connected devices will interweave our everyday lives, no matter what segment of it. We can already buy a smart fridge, which automatically compiles the shopping list based on our everyday purchases, taking our usual schedule into account. So the fridge orders the goods, and by the time we get home from work, the courier service will deliver the food. We really just have to pack it in the fridge. It clearly makes our lives more comfortable, and we don’t have to decide when to go to the store, what to write on the list, what milk to take. After all, our refrigerator brings optimal products for us based on our habits.
The other example already available is custom mass production. If a handle broke and you could no longer get the kind, what’s best to do? The simplest solution is to change all the handles, making to look all the same. Today, it is possible to plan and design the exact same handle quickly on a web platform and then 3D printed at your local DIY store. Problem solved.
Being a child in the industrial revolution
Children born into the digital world in the 2000s are unfamiliar with VHS tapes or a walkman, and so on. But it’s ok.
Beyond the fact that this represents some contrast between the generations, it is much more important to see how much everything needs and should follow this development. For the time being, new tools are generally being pushed out of schools. Although digital whiteboards and classroom applications already exist, they are less common than traditional educational tools. Education and the environment, but society are not changing as fast as technology.
My humble opinion is that our children need universal knowledge and skills to thrive in the world and get to know themselves first and foremost!
Although we do not foresee the future, we can be sure that we will need motivated and innovative young people who are open to learning and able to keep up with change.
It is equally important to educate mentally healthy and resilient individuals. With these abilities, they will also be able to handle the transformation of the world.
For children to learn appropriate, up-to-date knowledge at school, the involvement of industry actors is crucial. There are already many good examples of this in vocational training: dual training, internships, guest lectures. Each of these is a useful aid in training students. Besides, in-service teacher training and industrial projects can also support education.
Also, the development of so-called soft skills is essential. We can make children more motivated with teamwork and research work that requires individual preparation. Similarly, providing choice and involving children as much as possible in organizing the processes that affect them can help. To make future workers flexible, we need to show them today what that really means.
Digital devices do have a place in school. The balance is perhaps to be found in performing certain activities only using their smart gadgets. It could be a little research for which the internet can be used or a short knowledge test that can be done with an online software.
At home, it is similarly necessary to strive for balance. As this generation no longer knows what it is like growing up in an offline world, we need to balance online and offline for them.
According to the World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Index, digital skills among the population in 2019 is 4.20, where 7 is the best rate.
So as I say Information is Power.
What do you think?
How powerful are you?